Chemistry Practicals Class 12
Tests for Functional Groups in an Organic Compound
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- Tests for functional groups in an organic compound is one of the important class 12 chemistry practicals that you will learn in our virtual lab.
- You will learn the meaning of organic compounds and their classifications.
- In this simulation, you will learn to distinguish between saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons.
- You will understand the different functional groups present in an organic compound.
- By performing characteristic tests like Baeyer’s test, you will acquire the skills to identify the functional groups present in the given organic compounds.
- You will understand the reaction mechanism of organic compounds with specific reagents.
- This virtual lab simulation provides a very immersive environment and gives you a real-lab-like experience while conducting or performing experiments.
Organic chemistry is the branch of chemistry that deals with the structure, properties, and reactions of compounds that contain mainly carbon and hydrogen (hydrocarbons).
Hydrocarbons can be classified into two:
1) Saturated Hydrocarbons (Alkanes) 2) Unsaturated Hydrocarbons (Alkenes & Alkynes)
Hydrocarbons that contain carbon-carbon single bonds are called saturated hydrocarbons. They are also called Paraffins or Aliphatic Hydrocarbons. They may have a straight chain, branched or ring structure. Hydrocarbons that contain carbon-carbon double bonds or triple bonds are called unsaturated hydrocarbons.
The atom or group of atoms that replaces hydrogen atoms from hydrocarbon are called functional groups. They may be alcohols (–OH), carboxylic acids (−COOH), aldehyde (−CHO), ketone (−CO), amines(−NH2), ester (−COOR) etc. Compounds having different functional groups have different properties and belong to different families of compounds. The difference in chemical reactions by an active part of the compound within each family shows different reactions with various reagents and hence can be used to check the family of a compound.
Watch this video to learn more about chemistry.
Requirements for this Science Experiment
⦁ Test Tubes ⦁ Test Tube Holder ⦁ Bunsen Burner ⦁ Tripod Stand ⦁ Droppers ⦁ Glass Rod ⦁ Funnel ⦁ Whatman Filter Paper ⦁ Beakers