Chemistry Practicals Class 9

Effect of change of temperature on different states of matter

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  • Engaging simulations with easy-to-teach instructions

About Simulation

  • Through this interactive simulation, you will observe how temperature impacts the behaviour and transformations of different states of matter, offering a dynamic visual representation.
  • By engaging with this simulation, you will gain insights into how solids, liquids, and gases respond to temperature changes.
  • You will observe phase transitions in matter, such as the shift from solid to liquid to gas, and how these changes are influenced by varying temperatures.
  • This simulation enables you to learn about the effects of temperature on the arrangement and movement of particles in different states of matter.

Chemistry Practical Class

Simulation Details

Duration – 30 Minutes
Easily Accessible
Languages – Odia & English
Platforms – Android & Windows


Matter exhibits various physical properties and exists in different states, known as the states of matter. The fundamental states of matter are solid, liquid, and gas, commonly encountered in daily life. However, there are two additional states less familiar in everyday experiences: Plasma and Bose-Einstein condensate.

Chemistry Practical Class

Changes in external factors such as pressure and temperature play significant roles in altering the characteristics of matter, often resulting in transitions between states. For example, when solids are heated, their particles gain kinetic energy, causing them to vibrate faster and eventually overcome the forces of attraction between them. This transition from a solid to a liquid state occurs at a specific temperature called the melting point. The melting point is indicative of the strength of intermolecular forces within the solid.

During melting, although heat is continually supplied, the temperature remains constant as the absorbed energy is utilized to overcome intermolecular forces, a process known as latent heat of fusion. Similarly, as liquids are heated, their particles gain energy, eventually reaching a point where they can break free from each other’s attractions, resulting in vaporization and the transition to a gaseous state. This temperature at which vaporization occurs is called the boiling point.

Chemistry Practical Class

For example, water boils at 373 K (100°C), where liquid water transitions to steam. The energy absorbed during this phase change is known as the latent heat of vaporization, contributing to the increased energy of the gaseous particles compared to those in the liquid state at the same temperature.

Watch this video to learn more about chemistry.

Requirements for this Science Experiment

Ice cubes Beaker Thermometer Bunsen burner Wire gauze Tripod Stand Glass rod Stand with a clamp

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